Recording Engineers, Producers and Associated Recording Industry Professionals


Message Board - Industry Professionals General Discussion


Tom Dowd

The music industry is a complex system of many different organizations, firms and individuals and has undergone dramatic changes in the 21st century.

However, the majority of the participants in the music industry still fulfill their traditional roles, which are described below.

There are three types of property that are created and sold by the recording industry: compositions, recordings and media (such as CDs or MP3s). There may be many recordings of a single composition and a single recording will typically be distributed into many media.


Recording Engineers, Producers and Associated Recording Industry Professionals


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Recordings

Recordings are created by recording artists, often with the assistance of record producers and audio engineers. They were traditionally made in recording studios (who are paid a daily or hourly rate) in a recording session. In the 21st century, advances in recording technology have allowed many producers and artists to create "home studios", bypassing the traditional role of the recording studio.

The record producer oversees all aspects of the recording, making many of the logistic, financial and artistic decisions in cooperation with the artist. Audio engineers (including recording, mixing and mastering engineers) are responsible for the audio quality of the recording. A recording session may also require the services of an arranger or studio musicians.

Recordings are (traditionally) owned by record companies. A recording contract specifies the business relationship between a recording artist and the record company. In a traditional contract, the company provides an advance to the artist who agrees to record music that will be owned by the company.

The A&R department of a record company is responsible for finding new talent and overseeing the recording process. The company pays for the recording costs and the cost of promoting and marketing the record. For physical media (such as CDs), the company also pays to manufacture and distribute the physical recordings.

Smaller record companies (known as "indies") will form business relationships with other companies to handle many of these tasks. If contractually bound to do so, the record company pays the recording artist a portion of the income from the sale of the recordings, generally known as a mechanical royalty. (This is distinct from the publishing royalty, described above.) This portion is similar to a percentage, but may be limited or expanded by a number of factors (such as free goods, recoupable expenses, bonuses, etc.) that are specified by the record contract.

Session musicians and orchestra members (as well as a few recording artists in special markets) are under contract to provide work for hire; they're typically only paid one-time fees or regular wages for their services, rather than royalties. Foundational text courtesy of Wikipedia.


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George Martin 
Sir George Henry Martin CBE (born 3 January 1926) is an English record producer, arranger, composer, conductor, audio engineer and musician. He is sometimes …

Norma Beecroft 
Norma Beecroft is part of a generation of pioneering professional composers that firmly established Canada's place on the world's musical map. An award-winning …

Gary Vandy 
I opened a Studio, in the Grove, in 1970 while at the University of Miami. Also had Location Sound Recordings Inc. at the same time. In 1972 I opened Studio …

Fritz Pfleumer 
Fritz Pfleumer (20 March 1881 in Salzburg – 29 August 1945 in Radebeul) was a German-Austrian engineer who invented magnetic tape for recording sound. …

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Vernon Fox Columbia Records Engineer Arthur Kendy

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Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin (July 29, 1888 – July 29, 1982) was a Russian-merican inventor, engineer, and pioneer of television technology. Zworykin invented …

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Marvin Camras (1916–1995) was an electrical engineer and inventor who was widely influential in the field of magnetic recording. Camras built his first …

Charles Ginsburg Not rated yet
Charles Ginsburg (1920-1992) was an engineer and the leader of a research team at Ampex which developed one of the first practical videotape recorders. …

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Pictures courtesy of Norma Beecroft.

Édouard-Léon Scott Not rated yet
Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville (1817-1879) is credited with the invention of the phonautograph. The phonautograph is the first instrument containing …

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